Opening the Door to a Life

  1. Writings of The Báb
  2. Yellow Fever article, Library of Congress records, 1855.
  3. James Bradley (former slave) -Wikipedia
  4. Art installation of Masud Olufani at www.masud
  5. Phoebe Apperson Hearst papers, Bancroa Library, reel 121., cited by Kathryn Jewett Hogenson in Lighting the Western Sky, p. 297
  6. Helen Hillyer, handwritten 1899 pilgrimage journal, cited by Hogenson, Kathryn Jewett in p. 297 Lighting the Western Sky, page311. Brown papers, USBNA. The Baha’í Faith in America, vol. 2, p 153 & note 297.
  7. Chase, Thornton, quoted in Reflections on the Baha’i Faith. http://baha’ abdullah-pasha
  8. All uncredited photos authorized by Library of Congress.
  9. `Abdu'l-Bahá in London, p. 120.
  10. Selections from the Writings of Abdu'l-Bahá, p. 78
  11. Arches of the Years, page 55; Robert Turner:A Door to the Kingdom, p 3 & 11 (cited by Kathryn Jewett Hogenson in Lighting the Western Sky, p. 335.)
  12. New translation from Baha’i World Center, 2021. All uncredited photographs from Library of Congress.

Opening Doors to New Light

  1. Smith, Derik, “View of New Black Power,”The Journal of Bahá’í Studies ( 317/252). Reprinted on Robert
  2. Pew Surveys, 2009 – 2021:
  3. Measuring Religion in Pew Research Center’s American Trends Panel | Pew Research Center (
  4. Opposing racism a key part of faith for Black Americans across religions | Pew Research Center; What We Know About Gen Z So Far | Pew Research Center
  5. Baha’u’llah. Gleanings, National Assembly of the Baha’is of the United States, 1939. Page 255.

Opening the Door to History

  1. Colleen A. Vasconcellos, "Children in the Slave Trade," in Children and Youth in History, Item #141, https:// (accessed October 9, 2021).
  2. Doors of an historic “African house” on a plantaIon in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, photographed in 1940; Library of Congress Historic Engineering Record
  3. Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record/Historic American Landscapes Survey
  1. Gibson, James F, photographer. James River, VA Deck of iron- clad gunboat showing damage. Library of Congress item 2018666812.
  2. Brendan Wolfe. Encyclopedia Virginia: Humanities. “Unionism in Virginia during the Civil War” accessed Oct. 1, 2021
  3. Unionism in Virginia during the Civil War – Encyclopedia Virginia. virginia.
  4. Bradley, James (June 1834), Brief Account of an Emancipated Slave Wrisen by Himself, archived from the original on June 29, 2016, retrieved October 31, 2019. lanedebates/bradleyleser.htm.
  5. Redman, Earl. Visiting ‘Abdu’l-Baha, Vol. 1. George Ronald, Oxford. 2019.
  6. William E. Montgomery. Encyclopedia Virginia: Humanities: “African American Churches in Virginia (1865 – 1900).
  7. churches-in-virginia-1865-1900/accessed 9/20/21.
  8. G.W. & C.B. Cotton & Co, Atlantic and Pacific Railroad Company and Chicago & Pacific Railroad map. New York, 1883. Library of Congress item 986885887.
  9.  Barnard, George N, photographer. Last train out, Atlanta GA. Library of Congress item 2011648000.
  10.  Currier & Ives. American Railroad Scene: Lightning Express Trains Leaving the Junction. New York. Library of Congress item 90708612.
  1.  Hearst photos 95503407/
  2. Bain Collection
  3.  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA pp.print
  4.  Free Library at Anaconda:Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record/Historic American Landscapes Survey Reproduction Number: LC- USZ62-55087 (b&w film copy neg.) many in carriage by Washington DC home (Johnston Collection)
  5.  Kelly, Martin. "Timeline of the Reconstruction Era." ThoughtCo, Feb. 16, 2021, reconstruction-era-104856.
  6.  Emancipation Day Celebration, 1900. Mrs. Charles Stephenson (Grace Murray) / Wikimedia Commons Public Domain


  1. Kickler, Troy, “Lumsford Lane,” An Online Encyclopedia, North Carolina History Project. http:// (accessed August 15, 2005). With Library of Congress photos of Omar Ibn Sid and his journal.
  2. Clive Thompson.How 19the Century Scientists Predicted Global Warming, JSTOR Daily. Dec. 17, 2019, How 19th Century Scientists Predicted Global Warming - JSTOR Daily.
  3.  Christopher Brieseth: Lincoln and Frederick Douglass: Another Debate
  1.  Breiseth, Christopher N. “Lincoln and Frederick Douglass: Another Debate.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society (1908-1984), vol. 68, no. 1, University of Illinois Press, 1975, pp. 9–26, 40190994.
  2.  Hurn, J.W. photographer. Frederick Douglass. Library of Congress Item 2013645427.
  3. Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. “Why Did Free Blacks Stay?” Originally published on The Root. Retrieved October 2021.
  4.  Unidentified African American Soldier, Liljenquist Family Collection of Civil War Photographs, Library of Congress
  5.  Map of Atlantic Pacific Railway route
  6.  Library of Congress Item 1242.


  1. Custer Battle of the Little Bighorn - Location, Cause & Significance - HISTORY
  2.  Langness, TH. Walk the Good Road, mss., care of White Cloud Press, Santa Cruz, 1996.
  3.  Bancroa united-state-1884-
  4. and internal documents
  5. Visions of Unity Contest website and internal docs


     34. Pietz, H, photographer. Presentation Committee W.C.T.U. of       Springfield, Illinois. Library of Congress item 2008680541
  1. Editors. Christian Temperance Union. August 21, 2018
  3. ( editors, Aug. 2018) Woman’s Christian Temperance Union - HISTORY;
  4. Why did America Change Its Mine on Prohibition. IPL Why Did America Change Its Mind On Prohibition |; Prohibition Era Timeline (
  5. Baha’i Faith and Native Americans. wiki/Bahá'í_Faith_and_Native_Americans
  6. Kevin Locke, Chris Buck. Indigenous Messengers of God buck_locke_indigenous_messengers
  7. William Randolph Hearst Bio: Wikipedia; Retrieved September 2021. William_Randolph_Hearst.
  8.  Zinn, Howard, Stefoff, Rebeca. A Young People’s History of the United States. New York, 2009. Pages 193-196.


  1.  Bahiyyih Khanum photo (photographer unknown), circa, 1890.
  2.  Hogenson, Kathryn Jewett. Lighting the Western Sky. George Ronald, Oxford. 2010. Pages 25-27.
  3. Editors: The First Great Awakening, retrieved September 2021. awakening
  4.  Mars, James and African American Pamphlet Collection. Life of James Mars, a slave born and sold in Connecticut. Harsord: Press of Case, Lockwood & Co, 1866. Library of Congress item 92838796.

  1. Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator. Merchants Hope Church, State Route 641, Prince George County, VA, Library of Congress Item va0841.
  2. Horydczak, Theodor, Approximately, photographer. Islamic Center Mosque. Minaret Ill. Library of Congress Item 2019684662.
  3. Historic American Engineering Record, Creator. Tower Suspension Bridge Spanning Yellowstone River at Yellowstone River Trail, Mammoth, Park County, WY. Library of Congress Item wy0108.
  4. De Lamater, R.S. photographer. Fannie Virginia Casseopia Lawrence. From Virginia, baptized in Brooklyn, at Plymouth Church. Library of Congress Item 2015650829.
  5. Yosemite Valley/Bencke & Scott. L. Williams. Philadelphia: Published by Joseph Hoover. Library of Congress Item 96510983.
  6. Langness, T. H. Walk the Good Road. Mss. on file at White Cloud Press. Santa Cruz, 2000.
  7. Pete Seger’s Rainbow Quest with Buffy Saint Marie #13, September 1966; Time code: 9:13 -22:12. Link:
  8. Lawrence & Houseworth. Indian Rancheria in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Library of Congress Item 2002724169.
  9. New York City – Effects of heat upon tenement districts on East Side. Library of Congress Item 96506782.
  1.  Kumeyaay-Ipai Interpretive Center. Photographer anonymous.
  2.  Hunt. Brittany, America’s Tragic History of discrimination against Asian Americans. Pacific Legal Foundation, April 22, 2021.
  3. essays and internal documents, 2010=2021. Torrance, California.
  4.  Kind, Lilly. Get out of Town. The Yamhill County Oregon Journal. Nov. 4, 2018.
  5.  Lady Blomfield. The Journey West.
  6.  Robert and Mana Derakhshani, Mana. American Thornton Chase. Baha’i Community.


  1.  Armstrong-Ingram, R. Jackson, Music, Devotions, and Maschriqu’l-Adhkar. Kalimat: Los Angeles, 1987.
  2.  Howard University people: ListofHowardUniversityPeople Retrieved October 4, 2021.
  3.  Howard University History
  5.  Retrieved October 2021.
  6. Booker T. Washington quote:

  1.  Gates, Henry Louis, and Nellie Y. McKay. "W.E.B. Du
    Bois." The Norton Anthology of African American Literature. New York: W.W. Norton &, 1996. 686-785. Print.
  2.  Holt, Thomas C.. "Du Bois, W. E. B.." African American National Biography. Ed. Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham. Harvard University: Hutchins Center for African-American Research: W.E.B. Dubois. http://
  3.  Harlan, Louis R., ed., The Booker T. Washington Papers, Vol. 3, (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1974), 583–587.
  4.  Battey, C.M., photographer. W.E.B. DuBois-1863. Library of Congress Item 2003681451.
  5.  Bain News Service, Publisher. Booker T. Washington. Photograph. Library of Congress Item 2014685040.
  6.  Library of Congress. Booker T. Washington Delivers the “Atlanta Compromise” Today in History, September 18.
  7.  Fishman, Karen. The Talking Machine Industry and the Spanish Flu Epidemic of 1918. April 30, 2020
  8.  National Audio-Visual Conservation Center. April 30, 2020.
  9. Louis and Louisa Gregory photo. The marriage of Louis
    Gregory. The Journey West.
  10. BlackPast, B. (2007, January 29). (1899) Rev. D.A. Graham graham-some-facts-about-southern-lynchings/
  1. Upton, Joe. “How an Earthquake in 1906 Sparked the Invention of Modern-Day Chinatown.” The Conversation. Retrieved October 2021. san-francisco-sparked-the-invention-of-modern-day- chinatown-85559
  2.  War orphan from the Appenines seated on wall with ARC soldier, Pontine Marshes, Italy. [1914-1918] Library of Congress Item 2002712629.


  1.  Zinn, Howard, Stefoff, Rebeca. A Young People’s History of the United States. New York, 2009. Page 297.
  2.  Vermont Historical Society. “The K.K.K. in Vermont.” (
  3.  The K.K.K. in Vermont, 1924 — Vermont Historical Society (
  4.  Locke, Alain. “Enter the New Negro,” Survey Graphic 6 (March 1925), 631–34. Available via National Humanities Center ( migrations/text8/lockenewnegro.pdf). And The Amerian Yawp Alain Locke on the “New Negro” (1925) | The American Yawp Reader.
  5.  Learnodo Retaino Newtonic. 10 Most Famous People of the Harlem Renaissance. Retrieved September 2021.http//
  6. Reiss, Winold, Artist. Langston Hughes. Photograph. Library of Congress Item 94507692.
  1. Van Vechten, Carl, photographer. Portrait of Zora Neale Hurston. Photograph. Library of Contress Item 2004663047.
  2.  Dizzy Gillespie (2011). Retrieved from http://
  3.  Encylopedia of world biography. (n.d.). Retrieved from Dizzy.html


  1. The Scottsboro Boys, Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture: The Scottsboro Boys
  2. Editors: The First Great Awakening, retrieved September 2021.
  3.  Destitute pea pickers in California. Mother of seven children. Age thirty-two. Nipomo, California
  4.  Photography by Dorothea Lange, on file at Library of Congress, U.S. Farm Security Administration (http://


  1.  Zinn, Howard, Stefoff, Rebeca. A Young People’s History of the United States. New York, 2009. Pages 201, 264.
  2.  Photos from Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information photograph collection. Library of Congress Item/ 2017875157/.
  3.  Uchida, Yoshika. Journey to Topaz. Turtleback Books; Dencho Encyclopedia;
  4. reparations
  1.  Parks, Gordon, photographer. Paul Robeson, baritone photo; Gordon Parks photographer. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://
  2.  Laughland, Oliver. Claudette Colvin: The woman who refused to give up her bus seat—nine months before Rosa Parks. The Guardian, Feb 25 2021 Photograph: AP, Claudette Colvin at age 15; Canstock photo 1945.
  3. BenTurnerandfamilyintheirwagon,1939.NewYorkPublic  Library photo 0093.


  1. Zinn, Howard, Stefoff, Rebeca. A Young People’s History of the United States. New York, 2009. Page 279.
  2., retrieved September 2021.
  3. Knights of Baha’u’llah. Bahaipedia,org. Retrieved September 2021
  4. Maxwell, Mary and Ferraby, John. The Passing of Shoghi Effendi. London: Baha’i Publishing Trust, 1958. http://bahai-
  5. Effendi, Shoghi. Messages to the Bahá'í World, p. 127; The Ministry of the Custodians: 1957-1963, p. 30.


  1. March on Washington and Malcolm X Photos. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington,

    D.C. 20540 USA
  2. Brown v. Board of Education. http:/// brown_v._board_of_education#
  3. Langness, T.H. Walk the Good Road. 1996. unpublished mss. in care of White Cloud, Ashland, Oregon.
  4. Buffy St. Marie
    Historic Films
  5. Edwards, Owen, “Courage at the Greensboro Lunch Counter,” Smithsonian Magazine, February 2010. Htttp://
  6. Santa Rosa Press Democrat, July 20, 1933. Healdsburg, California, retrieved on
  7. Baha’i Summer Schools. Baha’; Green Acre, a Baha’i Learning Center http://
  8. Mac McCann, Transforming the World: The Transformations of Malcom X, April 9, 2013. Austin Chronicle Clips. http://
  9. Meet the Black Woman Who Created VOIP — The Technology Behind Skype, Zoom and More!
  10. Conley, Tara L. “The Women and People of Color Who Invented the Internet,” Ms. Magazine, 6/04/12. http://
  1. Baha'i Historical Facts: 1968: One Hundredth Anniversary of Baha'u'llah's Arrival in the Holy Land, May 11, 2016. (, May 11.
  2. Youtube: Remember Buzz Aldrin Today
  3. Zinn, Howard, Stefoff, Rebeca. A Young People’s History of the United States. New York, 2009. Page Zinn p. 294-295.


  1. Baitcher, Shari, Javits Center, the largest green roof in NYC, Green Home. Green Homeny. New York, Nov. 2, 2015. http://
  2. Spiritual Assembly of the Baha’is of the United States. The Vision of Race Unity: America’s Most Vital and Challenging Issue. Wilmette, Il.
  3. 2021.
  4. Civil Rights Movement - Million Man March - African, Americans, Whites, and King - JRank Articles https:// Man-March.html#ixzz77LkdXEI2
  5. Langness, David. “Just a Girl from Watts.” Baha’, Aug 30, 2015.
  6. Just a Girl from Watts -
  7. World Atlas: Ethnic Groups of Namibia
  8. 1991 World Congress letter from Universal House of Justice:
  9. file:///C:/Users/Owner/4-28-11%20BACKUP%20OLD%20PC/MISC/Ocean/Library/English/Baha'i/Authoritative%20Baha'i/The%20Universal%20House%20of%20Justice/Letters/1992%20Nov%2026,%20Second%20Message%20to%20Worl d%20Congress.htm
  1. Nobel Prize Winners
  3. Baha’is of the United States ( rac-amity-center)


  1. The Role of Faith in Building Unity, The Union Newspaper, Grass Valley California, July 6, 2020.
  2. Whittaker, Matt. Photographer. Glass Fire, 2020. New York Times.
  3. ARISE: 2019 Pupil of the Eye Conference.
  4. the-eye

Music Videos

Pete Seger’s Rainbow Quest with Buffy Saint Marie #13, September 1966; Time code: 9:13 -22:12. Link:

134.Sister Rosetta Tharpe - Down By the Riverside - YouTube
  1. Ian Smith, Vintage News, March 27, 2026. “15 Iconic Songs that were popular during the World War II”
  2. were-popular-dureng-the-World-War-II
  3. Vera Lynn – We’ll Meet Again (1939/42 www.thevintagenews/2016/03/17Vera-Lynn.)
  1. 15 Iconic songs that were popular during the World War II ( Vera Lynn
  2. This land is your land by Woodie Guthrie, sung by Pete Seger, sung in 1976 in Tulsa. Also has Indian references. Pete Seeger - "This Land Is Your Land" (Unreleased) [Official Audio] - YouTube